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What is morganite gemstone?

August 21, 2021

What is morganite

Precious and semi-precious stones on jewelry are the dreams of many women. Each of them is unique in its own way and looks very solemn and bright, making its owner as beautiful and mysterious as possible. But there are more unique specimens that are famous for their rarity. There are few such crystals in the world, and one of them is morganite.

It is not as popular a gem as emerald, ruby, aquamarine, and others, but it is also gorgeous. Birthstone month is October, but it can suit absolutely any girl and even a man who wants to add a touch of tenderness to his image. In addition, according to authoritative astrologers, morganite gemstone personifies peace, tranquility, and serenity.

Surprisingly about morganite gemstones, their color cannot be processed. Therefore, if a person has purchased a piece of jewelry with a certain shade of morganite, then he can be sure that this is its natural color scheme. And this is not the only feature of this gem. Today you will learn more about this gem, namely about its history, deposits, description, and use in modern jewelry. That is why if you ever wondered, “what is morganite gemstone?” then our article will surely be of interest to you.

Characteristics and description of natural morganite gemstone

Morganite is a gem variety of pink beryl, rich in rare alkalis (lithium and cesium), and also contains an impurity of Mn3 +, which is the reason for the color. Cesium is a radioactive element, but only safe samples are used in jewelry. Their distinguishing characteristic is their small size, as well as not a pronounced color, a strong saturation of which is a sign of the presence of a high amount of сesium.

  • Density of morganite - 2.6-2.9 g / cm³
  • Natural morganites are characterized by the phenomenon of pleochroism. This optical illusion implies a change in the color of the stone when viewed from different angles.
  • The hardness on the Mohs scale is 7.5 - 8, with an absolute value of 200. At the same time, the mineral is fragile and does not withstand strong impacts.
  • Most crystals are large in size. Specimens from the Brazilian pegmatite mines in the state of Minas Gerais reach a mass of 10 kg.
  • The luster is glassy, ​​which is typical for most precious stones.
  • The crystal system (structure of the crystal lattice) is Hexagonal.

This amazing crystal belongs to precious stones. Therefore it is widely used in the jewelry industry. Morganite gemstones are mainly cut in the shape of a pear, oval, or cushion (antique). Less common are trillion, marquis, octagon (emerald), and “heart”. Due to imperfect cleavage, it does not lend itself to splitting at all. If the crystal is not set in a cut, then it does not have an attractive appearance. What’s remarkable is that transparent morganite gemstones are virtually free from defects.

Historical data of morganite gemstone

istorical data of morganite gemstone

As for beryl, its history goes back to the 3rd century BC. But what is morganite gemstone’s history? It is on the opposite relatively “young” find because the gem was discovered at the beginning of the twentieth century. In 1911, at the initiative of J.F. Kunz, an employee of a world-famous jewelry company, the found mineral was named morganite in honor of a wealthy financier, collector of precious stones, and renowned philanthropist John Morgan. Up to this point, it has been confused with other varieties of beryl. For example, earlier, it was called amethyst-ball satin, pink emerald, which caused some confusion.

The stone identification issue was caused by the range of shades that varies from light pink to purple-violet. For today, it is known that the rarest types of morganite are light peach in color. Some of them may be worth more than a diamond! The multifaceted color of pink morganite allows jewelers to create real masterpieces. Each model of this stone is a unique product with the use of precious and semi-precious inserts, chained in different frames, like gold or platinum. Floral motifs inspire a romantic feeling and give the owner an excellent mood, confidence, and calmness.

To date, morganite deposits are discovered in Brazil (Minas Gerais), Argentina, Mexico, the USA (Pala mines, California, etc.), Canada, Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Italy, the Czech Republic, Russia (Lipovka field, Middle Urals; Transbaikalia), Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Burma, and Sri Lanka.

How to distinguish from a fake?

Morganite is an expensive gem, so it cannot be cheap. Due to the high cost of the stone, the risk of acquiring a fake is high. Spinel, kunzite, and cubic zirconia are often passed off as genuine morganite gemstone, as the external characteristics of these stones resemble those of typical beryls. Also, synthetic beryls can be offered to the buyer as genuine stones, the cost of which is ten times lower than that of natural gems.

Only a gemologist with extensive experience can distinguish a real morganite from a fake. But there are tricks that a layman planning to buy jewelry with morganite can take note of. Using these secrets, you can easily distinguish morganite from a fake made of glass or synthetic materials.

How to check a stone:

  • Genuine morganite has the property of birefringence.
  • If you put morganite in bromoform, it floats to the surface. The artificial stone will settle at the bottom.
  • Due to the fact that beryl has a high hardness, it leaves scratches on the glass.

The risk of buying a fake is increased if jewelry with stones is purchased from stores with a dubious reputation or from private individuals. In order not to fall for the tricks of fraudsters, it is necessary to purchase morganites in large jewelry boutiques.

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